Provided funding for numerous projects that created many jobs while improving the nation's infrastructure. She also served as an adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. She founded a school for black students that eventually became Bethune-Cookman University. Shortened "lame duck" period following election day in November: inaugurations for President, Vice President, Senators, and Representatives will now be in January instead of March. Unwind ... CyFi says he doesn’t know the kid’s name, but the kid had problems that he now has to deal with. At the height of the Popular Front - a period during the mid-1930s when the Communist Party sought to ally itself with socialists and New Dealers in movements for social change, urging reform of the capitalist system rather than revolution -Communists gained an unprecedented respectability. It was established as a result of the Federal Emergency Relief Act of 1933. His objective was to overcome the Court's objections to New Deal reforms. Who did he rely on, in the beginning of his presidency, for advice? 17 terms. the boss of the United Mine Workers who also succeeded in forming the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) within the ranks of the AF of L in 1935. The second "R" was the effort in numerous programs to restore the economy to normal health, achieved by 1937. The law also outlawed labor by children under sixteen. e) The Works Project Administration. Union forces scored victories in New Orleans and Atlanta just prior to the election. He ran for president in the 1928 election for the Democrat Party. United States federal law that applies to employees engaged in and producing goods for interstate commerce. SSI Definitions: ELIGIBILITY. man. Chapter 01. 14 Which of the following was not a key factor in Franklin Roosevelt’s landslide victory over Herbert Hoover in 1932? A retired physician who lost his money in the Great Depression and promoted a plan to pay every person over sixty $200 a month, provided that the money was spent within the month. Formed in 1938 to investigate subversives in the government and holders of radical ideas more generally; best-known investigations were of Hollywood notables and of former State Department official Alger Hiss, who was accused in 1948 of espionage and Communist Party membership. Lesson Summary. What are the categories of eligibility? The CIO gave a great boost to labor organizing in the midst of the Great Depression and during World War II. FDR pushed his "New Deal". Which of the following best replaces the question mark in the illustration? Administered by the Wage & Hour Division of the United States Department of Labor. Three components of the New Deal. c) The National Recovery Act. The second "R" was the effort in numerous programs to restore the economy to normal health, achieved by 1937. Labor organization that broke away from the American Federation of Labor (AFL) in order to organize unskilled industrial workers regardless of their craft. The National Recovery Administration (NRA), created to work with groups of business leaders to establish industry codes that set standards for output, prices, and working conditions. Also, this was a mathematically silly plan. Three components of the New Deal. There was no major anti-trust program. had many loopholes though. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! ____ 1. As Couponxoo’s tracking, online shoppers can recently get a save of 50% on average by using our coupons for shopping at The New Deal Quizlet Chapter 21 . • FDR promised a "new deal" for the American people, but his campaign was vague in explaining how he was. Republican candidate who assumed the presidency in March 1929 promising the American people prosperity and attempted to first deal with the Depression by trying to restore public faith in the community. often referred to by his initials FDR, was the thirty-second President of the United States. Chapter 33- The Great Depression and the New Deal, 1933-1939; Chapter 25- The Great Depression and the New Deal, 1929-1941 ; Chapter 24- The Great Depression and the New Deal, 1929-1939 His loss to FDR was mainly because he never appealed to the "forgotten man". He was a central figure of the 20th century during a time of worldwide economic crisis and world war. These assured people that their money was safe and secure. Diagrams. Hoped that higher prices would increase farmers' purchasing power and thereby help alleviate the Great Depression. Chapter 03. Chapter 22 & 23: The Great Depression and New Deal. FDR issued this committee in 1941 to enforce the policy of prohibiting employment-related discrimination practices by federal agencies, unions, and companies involved in war-related work It guaranteed the employment of 2 million black workers in the war factories. 54 terms. Browse. It was established as a result of the Federal Emergency Relief Act of 1933. The New Deal programs focused on recovery, reform, and relief. Chapter 10. View Test Prep - Chapter 21 Quiz "The New Deal, 1932-1940" : History of the United State-Io: HIST-017B-211-90979.pdf from HIST 017B at Evergreen Valley College. Chapter 04. Study Flashcards On US History Chapter 16 quiz at Cram.com. A Catholic priest from Michigan who goaded 40 million radio listeners with his weekly anti-New Deal harangues. President Franklin Roosevelt's precursor of the modern welfare state (1933-1939); programs to combat economic depression enacted a number of social insureance measures and used government spending to stimulate the economy; increased power of the state and the state's intervention in U.S. social and economic life. attracted the trusting support of perhaps 5 million "senior citizens" with his fantastic plan of each senior receiving $200 month, provided that all of it would be spent within the month. He helped grant over 3 billion dollars to the states wages for work projects, and granted thousands of jobs for jobless Americans. United Mine Workers of America leader who organized the coal miners strike. 7 new The New Deal Quizlet Chapter 21 results have been found in the last 90 days, which means that every 14, a new The New Deal Quizlet Chapter 21 result is figured out. In 1955, the CIO merged with the AFL. Chapter 21 Quiz Flashcards Preview ... New Deal relief programs undermined individual self-reliance. Roosevelt’s administration initiated several programs through the New Deal that fundamentally altered the governments relationship and dealings with society. British economist who argued that for a nation to recovery fully from a depression, the govt had to spend money to encourage investment and consumption. It created many dams that provided electricity as well as jobs. Employed the tactic of the sit-down - rather than leave the plant, workers halted production but remained inside. Chapter 21 Outline The First New Deal - FDR and the Election of 1932 • Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) came from a privileged background but served as a symbol for the ordinary. Start studying Chapter 21. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Start studying Chapter 21: The New Deal. Study 13 Exam #2: Chapter 21- The New Deal flashcards from Tyler R. on StudyBlue. The wonder of the stock market permeated popular culture in the 1920s. The governor of Kansas, chosen candidate for the Republicans in the campaign of 1936. Series of social liberal programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938 that focused on economic recovery, job creation, and civic uplift. Collier ended the policy of forced assimilation and allowed Indians unprecedented cultural autonomy. Unwind Chapter 21 Summary & Analysis | LitCharts. ... c. massive national public works programs. One section of the National Industrial Recovery Act created the Public Works Administration (PWA), with an appropriation of $3.3 billion. Exam #2: Chapter 21- The New Deal - History 2020 with Marler at University of Memphis - StudyBlue Flashcards Franklin Roosevelt's idea to add a new justice to the Supreme Court for every member over seventy who would not retire. It was one of a group of New Deal arts programs known collectively as Federal One. He was known for his drinking and he lost the election to Herbert Hoover. One of the best-known and most widely read American writers of the 20th century. The New Deal Programs. What are the general eligibility requirements for SSI? Still around today, this provided insurance to personal banking accounts up to $5,000. Roosevelt’s New Deal was his alternative to what ideologies on the right and left? Elected to four terms in office, he served from 1933 to 1945, and is the only U.S. president to have served more than two terms of office. The story comes to an end in chapter 21 of The Witch of Blackbird Pond by Elizabeth George Speare. Dr. Francis Townsend, a California physician, won wide support for a plan by which the government would make a monthly payment of $200 to older Americans, with the requirement that they spend it immediately. elected for American President in 1932 in the hopes he would end the Great Depression; promoted a relief program called the "New Deal" New Deal a program of relief, recovery, and reform advocated by president Franklin Roosevelt that sought to employ the unemployed, among other things, to re-build the economy 2111. Discuss how regional planning such as the Tennessee Valley Authority and the Columbia River project reflected broader changes in American life during the New Deal. It was part of the Works Progress Administration, a New Deal program. Essentially shortened the "Lame Duck" period of a presidency. A New Deal agency created to generate electric power and control floods in a seven-U.S.-state region around the Tennessee River Valley . 2113. Only president to have more than two terms. Leader in the struggle for racial and gender equality. Directed by Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes, it built roads, schools, hospitals, and other public facilities. Chapter 08. She also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women, Gave the President power over the banking system and set up a system by which banks would be reorganized or reopened. Despite the weakness of the evidence against the "Scottsboro boys" and the fact that one of the two accusers recanted, Alabama authorities three times put them on trial and three times won convictions. Finally, the third "R" let government intervention stabilize the economy by balancing the interests of farmers, business and labor. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. - The Coming of the New Deal This ws the nickname given to farmers and their families who came from the panhandle regions of Oklahoma or Texas to California in search of the "Promised Land". conservative group who complained New Deal interfered with buisnesses and peoples lives, Group of expert policy advisers who worked with FDR in the 1930s to end the great depression, the Catholic priest from Michigan Whose anti-New Deal harangues in the 1930's became so anti- Sematic, fascist, and demagogic that he was silenced by his superiors, The early New Deal agency that worked to solve the problems of unemployment and conservation by employing youth in reforestation and other socially beneficial tasks, FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter. Was the first direct-relief operation under the New Deal, and was headed by Harry L. Hopkins, Tactic adopted by labor unions in the mid- and late 1930s, whereby striking workers refused to leave factories, making production impossible; proved highly effective in the organizing drive of the Congress of Industrial Organizations. Mobile. This legislation made it a federal crime to ''teach, advocate, or encourage'' the overthrow of the government. 18th Amendment is repealed. Ex: Grapes of Wrath by Steinbeck: 603244653: Huey Long: As senator in 1932 of Washington preached his "Share Our Wealth" programs. Roosevelt declared a "bank holiday," temporarily halting all bank operations. ... Roosevelt had announced the specifics of his New Deal package of legislation. Grant Outlasts Lee Ulysses S. Grant was known as the "meat-grinder" because he was willing to keep sending his men into battle even though they'd be … Study 40 Chapter 21 - The New Deal (1932-1940) flashcards from Cassidy D. on StudyBlue. An alignment of voting blocs and interest groups that voted for the New Deal and Democratic presidents, 1937 economic downturn caused by sound fiscal policy due to cut spending and higher taxes, "the sick chicken case"; Declared the National Industrial Recovery Act unconstitutional on three grounds: That the act delegated legislative power to the exectutive; that there was a lack of constitutional authority for such legislation; and that it sought to regulate the businesses that wre wholly intrastate in character. Suraya145677. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. ... PDF downloads of all 1386 LitCharts literature guides, and of every new … Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) 2109. A government program created by Congress to hire young unemployed men to improve the rural, environment by planting trees, fighting fires, draining swamps, and maintaining National Parks. Fireside chats is the term used to describe a series of 30 evening radio conversations (chats) given by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1944 used to assure the American people that his New Deal would work. It dealt with diverse groups, from banking and railroads to industry, workers, and farming. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! Foner chapte 21 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. b) The Rural Electrification Administration. Law of 1939 that prevented federal officials from engaging in campaign activities or using federal relief funds for political purposes. He also hoped to reconcile four things, what were they? The story follows the fortunes of a poor family as they travel from the Dust Bowl region to California. He says the kid isn’t bad, he’s just hurting and steals compulsively. Landmark Supreme Court decisions overturned the first two verdicts and established legal principles that greatly expanded the definition of civil liberties - that defendants have a constitutional right to effective legal representation, and that states cannot systematically exclude blacks from juries. c. excessive spending and regulation by Washington hurt the nation’s economic prospects. The Native American "New Deal"; encouraged tribes to preserve their culture and tradition. d) The Reconstruction Finance Corporation. Abolished in 1975. More long-term reforms and solutions to economic inequalities were proposed. Name given to Oklahomans and others from the rural Midwest who left the Dust Bowl looking for better lives during the 1930s. Judith and William are engaged, and so are John and Mercy. Beginning in March 1937, the Court suddenly revealed a new willingness to support economic regulation by both the federal government and the states. Administration with the goal of eliminating "cut-throat competition" by bringing industry, labor, and government together to create codes of "fair practices" and set prices. Which of the following is NOT true of the Columbia River project? 1/4/2018 Chapter 21 Quiz "The New Deal, 1932-1940" : History of the United State-Io: HIST-017B-212-91631 2/12 was created during the “Second New Deal.” 2 / 2 pts Question 2 The Agricultural Adjustment Act: established a government program of distributing food to the hungry. Agency that stimulated the housing industry by granting loans to home owners. U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, and the first woman ever appointed to the cabinet. If you need to contact the Course-Notes.Org web … 1935 case that found the NRA to be unconstitutional as it gave the executive branch powers belonging to Congress. There was no major anti-trust program. JenFisher1. Chapter 07. guaranteed the right of unions to organize and to collectively bargain with management. The first "R" was the effort to help the one-third of the population that was hardest hit by the depression, & included social security and unemployment insurance. Study Flashcards On Chapter 21 - The Cold War Begins at Cram.com. The first "R" was the effort to help the one-third of the population that was hardest hit by the depression, & included social security and unemployment insurance. this act raised taxes on corporations and the wealthy to appeal to the majority of the people who believed the inequity in society was causing economic imbalance. (aka Indian Reorganization Act) Under Commissioner of Indian Affairs John Collier, the administration launched an "Indian New Deal." 1. Although it was released during the first year of the Great Depression, the 1930 film High Society Blues captured the speculative hope and prosperity of the previous decade. The TVA brought cheap electric power, full employment, low-cost housing, and environmental improvements to Americans in the Tennessee Valley. based on the great depression written by John Steinbeck. The first "R" was the effort to help the one-third of the population that was hardest hit by the depression, & included social security and unemployment insurance. It put people to work with building roads and bridges, construction, etc. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. New Deal program that provided reparations in the stock market, protected people from fraud in investments in stocks. Chapter 21 – The New Deal 1. During the depression years of the 1930s, President Roosevelt used the radio to communicate with the American people, using plain language to explain complex issues and programs. Chapter 05. John Steinbeck's novel about a struggling farm family during the Great Depression. The First New Deal (1933–34/35) was not a unified program. Limits how involved federal government employees can become in elections. The second "R" was the effort in numerous programs to restore the economy to normal health, achieved by 1937. New Deal program that provided relief to the unemployed in fields such as theater, literature, entertainment, and art. Key Terms 21 terms. Launched in 1934, its slogan was 'Every Man a King'; the group called for the confiscation of most of the wealth of the richest Americans in order to finance an immediate grant of $5,000 and a guaranteed job and annual income for all citizens. 21.3 New Voices for Women and African Americans 21.4 Progressivism in the White House Figure 21.1 The western states were the first to allow women the right to vote, a freedom that grew out of the less deeply entrenched gendered spheres in the region. New Deal Program similar to unemployment-relief efforts of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) set up by Herbert Hoover and the U.S. Congress in 1932. d. balanced budgets. New Deal Programs. 2110. dblanga. Which New Deal program put the federal government for the first time in the business of selling electricity in competition with private companies? provided low-interest farm loans and mortgages to prevent forclosures on the property of indebted farmers, Corporation that insured individual deposits in banks of up to $5000 (At the time). A law creating the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, which insured individual bank deposits and ended a unstable banking that reached a crisis in the Great Depression. ... Quizlet Live. Three components of the New Deal. established and adminstered a system of industrial codes to control production, prices, labor relations, and trade practices. 32nd President of the United States (1933-1945). New Deal labor legislation that regulated minimum wages and maximum hours for workers involved in interstate commerce. Chapter 02. This effort allowed one-fifth of all U.S. mortgages to become refinanced which would prevent another Great Depression, Louisiana Senator who opposed FDR's New Deal and came up with a , "Share the Wealth" wants to give $5k to all families. Labor union representing auto workers. New Deal Program similar to unemployment-relief efforts of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) set up by Herbert Hoover and the U.S. Congress in 1932. Featured information about the Dust Bowl. Flashcards. New Deal program designed to raise agricultural prices by paying farmers not to farm. The Roosevelt administration spent far more money on building roads, dams, airports, bridges, and housing than any other activity in the 1930s. Black woman appointed by FDR to head national youth administration; resulted in many blacks deserting Rep party for democratic FDR. Created the Social Security system with provisions for a retirement pension, unemployment insurance, disability insurance, and public assistance (welfare). Finally, the third "R" let government intervention stabilize the economy by balancing the interests of farmers, business and labor. Chapter 09. Chapter 21 The New Deal EOC (cartoons comprehension) This 1924 cartoon satirizes scandal that led to Public disappointment This 1917 illustration was published as a commentary on a proposed piece legislation. lowered farm prices by establishing quotas and paying farmers to grow more. Essentially repealed the Dawes Act. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's failed 1937 attempt to increase the number of U.S. Supreme Court justices from nine to fifteen in order to save his Second New Deal programs from constitutional challenges. 2112. 100% tax on all annual incomes over $1 million and appropriation of all fortunes in excess of $5 million. A moderate who accepted some New Deal Reforms, but not the Social Security Act. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. a) The Tennessee Valley Authority. With the implementation of the Second New Deal, Roosevelt also created the country’s present-day social safety net. But the Court allowed the third set of convictions to stand, which led to prison sentences for five of the defendants. New Deal legislation that established the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) to improve agricultural prices by limiting market sup- plies; declared unconstitutional in United States v. Butler (1936). The exclusion of agricultural, service, and domestic workers meant that many blacks, Mexican Americans, and women did not benefit from the act's protection. Established a national minimum wage, guaranteed time and a half for overtime in certain jobs, and prohibited most employment of minors in "oppressive child labor," a term defined in the statute. U.S. foreign policy throughout the cold war designed to stop the spread of communism Quizlet Learn. This prevented political parties from forcing federal workers to take part in election campaigns. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! He was a well-known opponent of Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal policies. A) It typified New Deal public-works programs designed to keep natural resources in public rather than private control B) Its result, the Grand Coulee Dam, eventually produced the cheapest electricity in the nation. Start studying Chapter 21 The New Deal, 1932-1940. These had a reassuring and steadying effect on the public and boosted confidence. The Social Security Act established programs intended to help the most vulnerable: the elderly, the unemployed, the disabled, and the young. Theory based on the principles of John Maynard Keynes, stating that government spending should increase during business slumps and be curbed during booms. Also known as the National Labor Relations Act, this law protected the right of workers to form unions and bargain collectively with employers, and established the National Labor Relations Board to monitor unfair labor practices on the part of employer. For general help, questions, and suggestions, try our dedicated support forums. In 1962 Steinbeck received the Nobel Prize for Literature. Gave a face to the violence and exploitation that migrant farm workers faced in America. Chapter 21 Quiz "The New Deal, Prohibition was one of the issues of the campaign. A New York social worker who headed the Federal Emergency Relief Administration and Civil Works Administration. Could have cost half of the national income. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. - The “New Deal”, as it was called, was not one unified program but many acts - Focused on reviving industrial and agricultural sectors - Five main aspects: - Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) - gave young men work conserving the nation’s natural resources, building roads, reforesting, etc What New Deal programs were aimed at agricultural and industrial recovery, and what was the effect of the programs in both areas? The election ended in a landslide for FDR. This 1933 act appropriated $500 million to support state and local treasuries that had run dry. In this election, a fresh and energetic Franklin Delano Roosevelt ran against Hoover. Were you eligible for assistance under a Federal/State matching grant program for the aged, blind, or disabled in December 1973? Created to insure fairness in labor-managment relations and the mediate employers' desputes with unions. 30 terms. A case in which nine young black men were arrested for the rape of two white women in Alabama in 1931. Works Progress Administration Part of the Second New Deal, it provided jobs for millions of the unemployed on construction and arts projects. Which New Deal program put the federal government for the first time in the business of selling electricity in competition with private companies? As part of the Hundred Days that understood the nation's tragedy of foreclosed mortgages, refinanced American home mortgages. The greatest victory for New Dealers; created pension and insurance for the old-aged, the blind, the physically handicapped, delinquent children, and other dependents by taxing employees and employers. Part of the Second New Deal, it provided jobs for millions of the unemployed on construction and arts projects. The wife of Franklin Roosevelt, she was a very active First Lady and was known for her devotion to the impoverished and oppressed. Alcoholic beverages are once again legal in the United States. Nickname given to the Great Plains region as they experienced many damaging dust storms. Created to bring electric power to homes that lacked it - 80 percent of farms were still without electricity in 1934 - in part to enable more Americans to purchase household appliances. Found unconstitutional in 1935. If you're having any problems, or would like to give some feedback, we'd love to hear from you. Chapter 06. Specialists in law, economics, and welfare who advised President Franklin D. Roosevelt to develop the New Deal. This flascard set is a list of the New Deal programs made by President Roosevelt during the Great Depression ... Chapter 23 - The New Deal. It protected investors, listened to complaints, issued licenses and penalized fraud. Louisiana Senator who opposed FDR's New Deal and came up with a "Share the Wealth" plan, which planned to give $5000 to all families. Extraordinarily productive first three months of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration in which a special session of Congress enacted fifteen of his New Deal proposals. Search. The popular vote was 212-21, the electoral vote was 2.2 million to 1.8 million. going to achieve that. The Second New Deal (1935–38) was more pro-labor/social reforms and anti-business. Government agency having primary responsibility for enforcing the Federal securities laws and regulating the securities industry. By March 1933, banking had been suspended in a majority of the states; that is, people could not gain access to money in their bank accounts. Adrienne Kelley 3-4-2015 DC US History 7 th Chapter 21: The New Deal 1. House Un-American Activities Committee (pg 897). Great Plains counties where millions of tons of topsoil were blown away from parched farmland in the 1930s; massive migration of farm families followed. This act authorized the President of the United States to regulate industry and permit cartels and monopolies in an attempt to stimulate economic recovery, and established a national public works program. New Deal program that was only open for two years. Study Flashcards On Chapter 21, 22 - U.S. History at Cram.com. We hope your visit has been a productive one. He was later assassinated. National Recovery Administration (pg 865). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It upheld a minimum wage law of the state of Washington similar to the New York measure it had declared unconstitutional a year earlier. In many blacks deserting Rep Party for democratic FDR, 22 - U.S. at... More than two which was not a new deal program quizlet chapter 21 college and high school students, listened to complaints, issued licenses and fraud... Penalized fraud 1945, and trade practices by the wage & Hour Division of the government Roosevelt also the! 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To what ideologies on the public Works Administration answers the question men were arrested the...